Virginia's regulated medical waste management regulations set standards for the storage, transportation and treatment of regulated medical waste. Regulated medical waste may be stored, steam sterilized, incinerated or treated by an acceptable alternative mechanism, and then exclusively in a facility permitted under the regulations. Innovative treatment technology may be allowed if the effectiveness of the treatment can be demonstrated. Treatment of regulated medical waste is expensive and it can result in the release of toxic emissions to the environment. Knowing where-to-throw saves money, improves compliance and worker safety, and reduces environmental impacts.
In certain cases, transportation of regulated medical waste by medical personnel requires no prior certification to DEQ. But commercial operators must file a certification that their businesses meet the requirements, before accepting infectious material for transport. In all cases, the transportation of regulated medical waste is subject to the federal requirements in 49 CFR 171 through 178.
The identification of regulated medical waste as well as those items that are exempt from regulation is an important part of understanding the regulation of medical devices when they are disposed. Provided here are examples of items that are exempt from regulation and are not considered "regulated medical waste" as well as some items that are considered "regulated medical waste."