There are a large number of swimming pool and hot tub facilities, including those at individual residences, apartment or condominium complexes, hotels, schools, community swimming pools, and other public or private facilities located throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia. Releases of pool water from these facilities typically contain chlorine (or bromine), suspended solids, oil and grease, as well as algaecides. Pollutant concentrations can be minimized if not eliminated utilizing dechlorination techniques, filters, oil booms/pads, as well as other best management practices (BMPs). With proper BMP implementation, pool water releases that reach surface waters are not expected to contain pollutants in concentrations that are toxic or would cause or contribute to violations of the Virginia Water Quality Standards (9VAC25-260).
Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) permits are generally not necessary for the release of water from swimming pools or hot tubs provided the guidelines are followed (Swimming Pool Guidelines). Use of these guidelines does not relieve the property (pool) owner or pool management company of responsibility for any environmental impacts and associated penalty liability that occur as a result of a release to surface waters. Prior to releasing pool water contact your local government (environmental/sanitary section) to obtain any local approval(s) that may be necessary.